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Sustainable Development Goals
More than 750 million people in the world live in extreme poverty. The Majority live in Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.
78 percent of the world’s extreme poor live in rural areas, with the majority dependent on agriculture.
About one in five people in developing regions are poor.
Over 90% of the extreme poor are in countries deemed as fragile, environmentally vulnerable or in protracted crises.

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Since 1990, the number of people in the world who are extremely poor has halved. In 2012, however, there were still about 767 million people living under $1.90 a day (World Bank). About three-quarters of the extreme poor live in rural areas, with most dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods and food security.

Inclusive agriculture, food production and off-farm economies can create jobs and eliminate hunger in rural areas, giving people a chance to feed their families and live a decent life.

FAO helps countries develop evidence-based policies, strategies and programmes to achieve SDG 1, promoting inclusive structural transformation, access to land and resources, income diversification, decent jobs and gender equality. The Organization works to strengthen rural institutions and access to social protection for the rural poor. 

Find out more

FAO Publications

Strategic work of FAO to Reduce Rural Poverty

FAO helps countries achieve SDG1 (No poverty) and SDG2 (Zero hunger) by improving the livelihoods of poor and extreme poor rural people, including smallholders and family farmers[...]

The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 - Social protection and agriculture: breaking the cycle of rural poverty

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on reducing poverty have been met by many countries, yet many others lag behind and the post-2015 challenge will be the full eradication of poverty and hunger.[...]

Ending poverty and hunger by investing in agriculture and rural areas

While there has been an unprecedented achievement in poverty reduction in the last three decades, eradicating extreme poverty and halving poverty by 2030 are still two of our greatest challenges[...]

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